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Conjugations — 3

Posted by on February 3, 2015

Negatives of Asonk -- Indicative Present and Simple Past

Indicative Present (negative)

Singular Plural
 1st Person  Hanv nam  I am not  Ami nanv We are not
 2nd Person  Tum nai Thou art not  Tumi nant You are not
 3rd Person  To na, ti na, tem na He/she/it is not  Te nant, teô nant, tim nant   They are not


Simple Past (negative)

The past negatives of asonk are formed merely by adding an ‘n’ before the affirmatives. So “hanv aslom” becomes “hanv naslom“,  “tum asloi” or the colloquial “tum ahal’loi” changes to “tum nasloi and “tum nahal’loi“, etc. It is the same for all persons, singular or plural.

It must be remembered, though, as I have already mentioned earlier, that the verb asonk cannot be used to translate all cases of the verb to be. It can be used only to denote locations and temporary states of a person or thing. For example, the Konkani for “I am here” is “hanv hanga asam“.  But if you want to say “I am a girl”, you don’t say “hanv cheddum asam“,  because being a girl is a permanent feature and therefore the Konkani for that is just “hanv cheddum.  ” In such a case, the verb is simply dropped, at least in the present tense.

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